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Israelites in exile

Jeroboam encourages the Israelites to worship a golden calf and abandon God.After Solomon’s death, his son Rehoboam became the new king of Israel. But he was a bad ruler, and relations with his people, already angered at the taxes they were forced to pay, reached breaking point. Ten of the twelve tribes of Israel broke away and formed a new kingdom of their own, with Jeroboam—once a high-ranking official in Solomon's government—as their ruler. Only the tribes of Judah and Benjamin remained loyal to Rehoboam. So Solomon's kingdom was once again divided into two parts: Israel in the north and Judah in the south.


Elijah on Mount Carmel

Elijah

Under Jeroboam, the Israelites turned to pagan gods. One of these was the god Baal. The prophet Elijah arranged a contest to bring the people back to God. On top of Mount Carmel, he challenged the priests of Baal to command fire from heaven. They failed. But when Elijah prayed to God, he sent a bolt of lightning. The people were amazed and returned to God.

In the 8th century BC, Nineveh in Assyria was the largest city in the world with over 100,000 inhabitants.

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