Collapsed buildings in Kathmandu A 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on 25th April 2015. Its epicentre (the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus of the quake) was around 80 kilometres (50 miles) northwest of the capital, Kathmandu. The quake brought buildings crashing down in many towns, villages and cities in the area—including Kathmandu. By mid-May, when a second quake occurred, around 9000 people were reported killed, with the more than 19,000 injured. Many tens of thousands were left homeless. On Mount Everest, the quake triggered an avalanche that killed at least 24 people and left 140 climbers temporarily stranded. They were all later evacuated safely.
Many survivors were left in desperate need of food and water. The United Nations said that more than 1.4 million people required food aid, including 750,000 who live near the quake’s epicentre. Relief teams from neighbouring China and India quickly brought aid, including medical teams, food, medicines, rescue equipment, sniffer dogs, tents, blankets and generators to the area. Many people in remote areas of Nepal, where some villages were almost totally destroyed, remained cut off days after the event, reachable only by helicopter.
In 2013, the Indian seismologist Professor Vinod Kumar Gaur said in an interview that "there is sufficient accumulated energy to produce an 8-magnitude earthquake [in Nepal]. I cannot say when. It may not happen tomorrow, but it could possibly happen sometime this century."
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