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Burkina Faso

A map of Burkina Faso The south of Burkina Faso is a green, savanna plain scattered with forests and mango trees. In the southwest, the land rises to low hills. To the north, the land becomes drier: known as the Sahel, this dusty, semi-desert region merges into the Sahara Desert. Three rivers, the Black Volta (Mouhoun), the Red Volta (Nazinon) and the White Volta (Nakanbe), flow across the country on their way to join the main River Volta in Ghana. Burkina Faso has a hot, tropical climate, with a rainy season between June and October. Before it became independent from France in 1984, the country was known as Upper Volta. Its modern name means “Land of Honest People”.



A map of Burkina Faso
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A scene in Dori

People

People from Burkina Faso are called Burkinabes. The largest ethnic group, the Mossi, make up half of the population and mainly live in the north. Other groups include the Bobo, in the southwest, and the Gourma in the east. Although the official language is French, people also speak the language of their ethnic group, such as Moré, the language of the Mossi.

Burkina Faso was the first African country to produce cotton. Today it is Africa’s leading cotton producer.

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