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Geography of Africa A-Z


Addis Ababa   The capital of Ethiopia, in the Ethiopian Highlands. It has a population of about 3.4 million.
African Great Lakes   A series of lakes around the Great Rift Valley. They include Lake Victoria, Tanganyika, Malawi, Turkana, Albert, Kivu and Edward.
Ahaggar   An area of flat-topped mountains in the centre of the Sahara.
Atlas Mountains   A mountain range stretching about 2000 kilometres (1200 miles) along the northeastern edge of the Sahara.
Berbers   The ancient native people of North Africa, living west of the River Nile. Today the Berbers live mostly in the uplands of Morocco.
Bié Plateau   A region of high, flat land occupying most of central Angola at a height of around 1500 metres (5000 feet).
Cairo   The capital of Egypt, built on the banks of the River Nile. It is the largest city in Africa, with a population of around 19 million.
Cameroon, Mount   The highest peak in West and Central Africa, at 4040 metres (13,255 feet) high. It is a volcano that last erupted in 2012.
Cape Agulhas   The most southerly point of Africa. It is officially the dividing point between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Cape of Good Hope   A rocky headland near the southern tip of Africa. It is named because it is the point at which a ship sailing from Europe to India starts to sail east.
Cape Town   The second largest city in South Africa, near the Cape of Good Hope. It has a population of around 3.7 million.
Chad, Lake   A large, shallow lake on the southern edge of the Sahara. It provides freshwater to millions of people, but has shrunk considerably in the last 50 years.
Congo   The second longest river in Africa, with a total length of 4700 kilometres (2900 miles) and some channels as deep as 220 metres (720 feet).

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