A map of Guinea Guinea is a country in West Africa, about the same size as the United Kingdom. In the west there are swampy coastal lowlands and mangrove forests. Here, situated on the Atlantic coast, is the capital and port city of Conakry. Inland, central Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, is hilly and forested. Beyond these hills lie green savanna plains. Highlands, blanketed by rainforest, rise in the southeast of the country. This warm, fertile region is good for growing crops such as coffee. Most of Guinea has a hot, tropical climate with two seasons: rainy and dry. The coast is wettest; in the highlands, conditions are drier and slightly cooler.
The largest ethnic group in Guinea are the Fulani people, who make up around 40% of the population. They mainly live in the central part of the country. Another large group, the Malinké, live in the east, while the Soussou live along the western coast. Around 85% of the population are Muslims. Many Guineans, whether Muslim or Christian, also follow traditional beliefs such as animism.
The guinea, an old British coin, was named after the Guinea region of West Africa, where the gold used to make it was mined.
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