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Sudan

Blue Nile Sudan’s northern region, part of the Sahara Desert, is flat, hot and arid. It includes the gravels and sands of the Libyan Desert as well as the rugged, rocky Nubian Desert. A belt of dry grassland, part of the Sahel region of Africa, stretches across the middle of Sudan. Here, the land rises to the Nuba Mountains and the rocky, volcanic Marrah range in the west. The far south is a mixture of savanna, swamp and rainforest. Sudan has a hot, tropical climate with two seasons: rainy and dry. The Blue Nile meets the White Nile at Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, flowing northwards into Egypt as the mighty Nile. These huge rivers are lifelines for Sudan’s people, providing water for farming, drinking and fishing


A map of Sudan
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Sudanese women

People

More than 500 different peoples live in Sudan, speaking more than 100 languages. People of the north are mainly Arabs, while those in the south and west are generally of mixed Arab and African descent. Nearly everyone is Muslim. Some tribes, such as the Dinka in the north, are nomadic farmers, herding cattle from place to place in the northern deserts. Most Sudanese people live along the banks of the Nile rivers, or in the capital Khartoum.

The northern part of Sudan experiences intense dust storms known as haboobs. These can be so severe they block out the sun.

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