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Bangladesh

A map of Bangladesh, showing highland and lowland areas and vegetationBangladesh is the most densely populated large country on Earth, with over 1000 people living in every square kilometre (0.39 square miles). Most of Bangladesh is green, fertile floodplains. The country lies on the Ganges Delta, where the mighty rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra join the Meghna before flowing into the Bay of Bengal. The only uplands in the Bangladesh, the Chittagong Hills, lie in the southeast. On the southwest coast lies an area known as the Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest. The climate is tropical, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. Natural disasters, including flooding and tropical cyclones, threaten Bangladesh’s development, and it remains one of the poorest countries in the world.


A map of Bangladesh

Rickshaws on the streets of Dhaka

People

Around 98% of Bangladeshis are Bengali, while the Chittagong Hills are home to tribal peoples known as the Jumma. Bangladesh’s capital, Dhaka, is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world. As more and more people move to the city to look for work, shantytowns have sprung up at its edges, where around 4 million people live in makeshift housing and cramped, often dangerous conditions.

The Ganges Delta is the largest river delta in the world, at 105,000 sq km (41,000 sq miles).

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