A map of Denmark The Scandinavian country of Denmark is made up of the Jutland Peninsula (Jylland) and more than 400 surrounding islands. Smoothed down by glaciers during the last Ice Age, Denmark’s land is low-lying. Most of Jutland and the islands are covered by sediments, called moraines, deposited after the ice cap melted. The sandy soils of southern Jutland come from sediments laid down by meltwater streams. The Danish coastline has many sea inlets and shallow lagoons. Although it lies in northern Europe, Denmark is warmed by the seas that almost surround it, giving it a relatively mild climate. Summers are cool, while in winter, averages temperature are not far below 0°C (32°F).
Denmark’s people—Danes—are closely related to Swedes and Norwegians. Their Germanic ancestors settled in the country in the 4th century AD. During the Viking age, Danish warriors raided the shores of England and Ireland, later conquering and settling in these lands. Today, Danes enjoy one of the highest standards of living in the world. In Denmark’s capital, Copenhagen, more than one third of people travel to work by bicycle. In fact, there are more bikes in the city than people.
No part of Denmark is more than 52 km (32 miles) from the sea.
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