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Farming

Farming land in Pennsylvania The world relies on farming (also called agriculture) for its food. Farms range in size from large commercial businesses that provide food for sale at home and abroad (cash crops), to small plots that produce only enough food for the farmer's family (subsistence farming). As well as producing food (animals, plants and fungi), farms provide fibres (such as wool and cotton), raw materials (such as timber), biofuel (such as ethanol fuel from sugar cane), medicines, dyes and cut flowers.


 

Different kinds of farming

This map shows which types of farming are practised in different parts of the world, and those areas where it is not possible to...Read More >>This map shows which types of farming are practised in different parts of the world, and those areas where it is not possible to farm at all. The combination of climate and soil conditions is important for farming. Olives are an important crop in southern Europe.There are several different kinds of farming. Arable farming is the cultivation of crops, which include cereals and vegetables, and plants for making industrial products such as oil and cotton cloth. Another type of cultivation is growing trees or vines, such as fruit orchards, vineyards, rubber, coffee or cocoa plantations.

Olives are one of the most extensively cultivated fruit crops in the world. Olive tree plantations are known as groves. Olives are of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil.

Although one-third of the world’s workforce is employed in farming, farming accounts for just 5% of the gross world product (the value of the goods and services produced by every country).

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