President-elect Donald Trump on a post-election tour to celebrate his victory, December 2016On the morning of 9th November 2016, the world woke up to the news that Donald Trump had been elected the 45th president of the United States. A presidential election occurs every four years. Election Day is always the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. The candidates are put up by the political party they represent. The US is dominated by two political parties, Republicans and Democrats, but there are other parties, too, including the Constitution Party, the Libertarians and the Greens. The choice of a new president is, however, usually a "two-horse race" between the Democrat and Republican candidate. The 2016 election was contested by Hillary Clinton for the Democrats and Donald Trump for the Republicans.
The president must be at least 35 years old, a natural-born citizen of the US and a resident of the US for 14 years. Before the general election, most candidates go through a series of state primaries (elections) and caucuses (meetings). These events are to allow voters across the country to choose the political parties’ nominees for president. Primaries and caucuses take place between January and June of election year.
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