A map of Grenada The tiny island nation of Grenada lies at the southern tip of the group known as the Windward Islands. It is made up of one main island and a number of smaller ones to the north, which are part of the Grenadine island chain. Grenada’s islands are volcanic; its landscape is mountainous, covered by tropical shrubs and forests, and rich volcanic soil. Grenada has a tropical climate: hot and wet for part of the year and cooled by ocean winds in the dry season. Lying just south of the main “hurricane belt”, Grenada escapes many of the hurricanes that hit neighbouring islands—although it suffered badly when Hurricane Ivan struck in 2004.
Nearly all Grenadians are descendants of the Africans brought by the English and French in the 17th century to work on plantations. A small number are descended from Indians who arrived in the late 1800s. Although English is the language of government, most people speak Grenadian Creole, a mixture of English and African languages, or French patois.
Nutmeg is so important to Grenada’s economy that it appears on the country’s flag.
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