A map of Bolivia Bolivia is one of the poorest and least-developed countries in South America. The Andes Mountains rise in the west of the country. Lying in between the steep Andean mountain chains, known as cordilleras, is a high, level, windswept plateau called the Altiplano. The climate here is cool and dry. The region includes the vast salt flats of the Salar de Uyuni. Eastern Bolivia, by contrast, is low-lying. Here, grasslands merge with the hot, humid Amazon rainforest in the north, and the dry scrublands of the Gran Chaco in the south.
More than half of Bolivia’s population are Native Americans. The largest group, the Quechua, are descendants of those that once inhabited the Inca Empire. Other groups include the Aymara and Guarani. A smaller number are mestizo, with a mix of Spanish and Native American ancestry, or of European, Asian or African descent. More than 60% of Bolivians live in cities, such as La Paz, Santa Cruz and Cochabamba.
Since the introduction of a new law in 2011, nature has equal rights with humans in Bolivia.
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