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Georgia

A map of GeorgiaThe state of Georgia is located in the southeastern United States. The Blue Ridge Mountains run across the northeast of the state, while the ridge-and-valley Appalachians occupy the northwest. The Piedmont foothills extends from the mountains down to the Fall Line, the “edge” over which rivers cascade down to the low-lying coastal plain in the southeast. (The Fall Line is a feature that extends diagonally northeast-southwest down the Eastern Seaboard). Parts of Georgia's coastal plain, especially near the sluggish rivers, are swampy. A chain of barrier islands, called the Sea Islands, hugs the coastline.


The hills of northern Georgia
A building in the Savannah Victorian Historic District

Name

Georgia was named after King George II of Great Britain. British soldier, Member of Parliament and social reformer, James Oglethorpe received a charter from George II to settle the colony of Georgia in 1732. Oglethorpe saw Georgia as a place to resettle English subjects who had been imprisoned for debt, along with "the worthy poor”. The colony's charter prohibited slavery and alcohol, although these restrictions were lifted in 1749.

Georgia is the largest state in the US by land area east of the Mississippi River.

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