You are here: Geography > States of the US > Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania

A map of PennsylvaniaPennsylvania is located in the northeastern region of the United States. The state extends from the shores of Lake Erie—one of the the Great Lakes—in the northwest, to the Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Delaware estuary in the southeast. The Appalachian Mountains stretch from southwest to northeast, covering more than half the state. Forming their southeastern flank are the Blue Mountains, broken by gaps cut by the Susquehanna, Schuylkill, Lehigh and Delaware rivers. The Allegheny Plateau, much dissected by river valleys, extends to the west of the Appalachians.


Susquehanna River, northern Pennsylvania
An Amish family riding in a buggy in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Amish are a group of traditionalist Christian church...Read More >>An Amish family riding in a buggy in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. The Amish are a group of traditionalist Christian church followers with Swiss or German origins. They are known for simple living and a reluctance to adopt modern technology. Some traditional Amish speak Pennsylvania German, also known as "Pennsylvania Dutch", a dialect of Swiss German.

Name

In 1681 King Charles II of England granted a land charter to the Quaker William Penn (1644–1718) to repay a debt of £16,000 (more than $3 million in today’s money) owed to William's father, Admiral William Penn. One of the largest land grants to any individual in history, it made Penn the world's largest private landowner, with over 45,000 square miles (120,000 square kilometres) to his name. Penn first called the area "New Wales", then "Sylvania" (Latin for "forests"), but the king insisted the name be changed to "Pennsylvania" in honour of the elder Penn.
Cathedral of Learning, Pittsburgh, in the snow. Standing at 535 ft (163 m), “Cathy” is the the tallest educational building in...Read More >>Cathedral of Learning, Pittsburgh, in the snow. Standing at 535 ft (163 m), “Cathy” is the the tallest educational building in the Western Hemisphere. It is the administrative centre of the University of Pittsburgh.

Climate

The Pennsylvania German (or Pennsylvania “Dutch”), a dialect of German, is still in use as a first language among Old Order Amish and Mennonites, chiefly in the Lancaster County area.

Q-files now has new sections specially written for younger readers. They are: Living world, Earth, Science, Human body, Prehistoric life, Space, History, Geography and Technology.


Find the answer