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Hatshepsut

Statue of Hatshepsut Queen Hatshepsut (ruled c. 1490–1468 BC) was a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty during Egypt’s New Kingdom period. Her name means "Foremost of Noble Ladies". When her husband Thutmose II died, she took power and was made pharaoh. She wore the traditional clothing of a male pharaoh, including a false beard. Her reign began a long, peaceful era in Egyptian history. She re-established trade with other kingdoms and brought great wealth to Egypt. That wealth enabled her to fund many building projects in a classical architectural style, including Hatshepsut's temple at Deir el-Bahri.


Wall carving with hieroglyphs at the Red Chapel, Karnak, showing Thutmose III (left) and Hatshepsut (right). She is clearly shown...Read More >>Wall carving with hieroglyphs at the Red Chapel, Karnak, showing Thutmose III (left) and Hatshepsut (right). She is clearly shown as the dominant figure of the two.

Becoming pharaoh

Queen Hatshepsut was both the daughter of King Thutmose I and one of his queens. When the king died, the throne passed to his son, Thutmose II. In keeping with Egyptian traditions, the new king married his father's eldest daughter—his half-sister, Hatshepsut. They had a daughter called Neferure. Thutmose II, however, died at a young age. On his death, his son by another wife became pharaoh: Thutmose III. But the child was considered too young to rule Egypt, so Hatshepsut took over on her nephew’s behalf, ruling as regent for six years. Then, in 1484 BC Hatshepsut decided she had had enough of ruling on behalf of the boy and declared herself pharaoh.

Hatshepsut is considered by many scholars to be history's first important female ruler.

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