The River Euphrates in Syria. Its lush, fertile banks are intensely farmed today just as they were thousands of years ago. Beyond...Read More >>The River Euphrates in Syria. Its lush, fertile banks are intensely farmed today just as they were thousands of years ago. Beyond this thin strip of farmland lies barren desert.As the Ice Ages came to an end, around 11,700 years ago, the climate worldwide started to become warmer. Some people discovered that they could plant the seeds of certain wild plants in fields to produce more plants. Some grasses produced grain that could be ground into flour for making bread. These people, the first farmers, could now settle in villages close to their fields. One of the first regions of the world where this happened was in the Fertile Crescent, the arc of land that runs between the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea with Mesopotamia, the land in and around the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.