8th August The Parlement of Paris, an assembly of nobles, refuses to lend the Crown further funds or to pay taxes. The Minister of Finance calls a meeting of the Estates General, an assembly of the three traditional orders, or Estates, of French society: nobility, clergy and commoners (known as The Third Estate). The Estates General has not met since 1614.
The common people in late 18th-century France, many of whom became supporters of the Revolution, were known as sans-culottes. Culottes were the fashionable silk knee-breeches that the nobility and middle classes wore. Poor labourers, the sans-culottes (“without culottes”) wore pantalons, or trousers, instead.
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