Christopher Columbus was born in the Italian port of Genoa. Aged 25, he moved to Lisbon in Portugal. He worked on merchant ships...Read More >>Christopher Columbus was born in the Italian port of Genoa. Aged 25, he moved to Lisbon in Portugal. He worked on merchant ships which sailed into the Atlantic Ocean and along Africa’s west coast. This inspired him to plan his first voyage across the Atlantic. In 1492 Christopher Columbus (1451–1506) sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean. His aim was to find a sea route to the rich lands of East Asia—the lands of spices and silks. These lands were known to Europeans as the Indies. When Columbus set foot on one of the Caribbean islands he was convinced that he had found the Indies. He called the local people that he met “Indians”. To this day, the Caribbean islands are sometimes called the West Indies. Columbus's four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean made Europeans aware of the existence of the Americas.
Financing the expedition
By the late 15th century, most educated people agreed that the Earth was round. While other explorers attempted to reach Asia by sailing around Africa, the Genoese sailor Christopher Columbus believed that China and Japan could just as easily be reached by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean as by taking the long and hazardous route eastwards.
When Columbus set sail in August 1492, he had estimated that Japan should lie about 3000 Italian miles (3700 km, or 2300 miles) to the west, while in fact it lay 19,600 km (12,200 miles) to the west.
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