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Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon plans battle strategy.Napoleon Bonaparte (1769–1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to power at the end of the French Revolution. He became Emperor of France in 1804, and introduced many reforms. Among them was the creation of the Napoleonic Code, a set of laws that is still used as the basis for civil law in many European countries today. As a brilliant military commander, he fought a series of wars in Europe, ending finally in defeat at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. He was exiled to the island of St Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean, where he died in 1821. Napoleon is remembered as a hero of France, a great reformer and a military genius. 



The Casa Buonaparte in Ajaccio, Corsica, where Napoleon was born in 1769

Early life

Napoleon Bonaparte was born on 15th August 1769 in Corsica, shortly after the island became a French territory. His father, Carlo Bonaparte, was a lawyer who initially resisted the French occupation of Corsica. But from the age of nine, Napoleon was educated in schools in mainland France.

The French Grand Army lost around 380,000 men during the invasion of Russia in 1812. The Russians lost about 210,000 soldiers and at least 200,000 civilians.

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