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Arab Empire

Al Khulafa mosque, Baghdad Iraq. It was built during the Abbasid era.The Arab Empire was built up in the 7th and 8th centuries AD. Inspired by the Prophet Mohammed, the founder of the Islamic religion, the Arabs conquered vast territories. At its height, the empire stretched from Spain, through North Africa and across Asia as far as India. In the following centuries, the empire experienced a golden age, when Islamic mathematicians, astronomers, inventors and doctors made great breakthroughs. Aboard their ships, known as dhows, Arab merchants traded goods around the Mediterranean Sea and between Africa and Asia.


Rise of the Arab Empire

This map shows the growth of the Arab Empire from the death of the Prophet Mohammed in 632, by the time the Umayyads came to...Read More >>This map shows the growth of the Arab Empire from the death of the Prophet Mohammed in 632, by the time the Umayyads came to power in 661, and by the start of the Abbasid Caliphate in 750.Following the Prophet Mohammed’s death in AD 632, a series of leaders, known as caliphs (meaning "successors") took control of Arabia. Under their command, Arab armies invaded the countries that bordered Arabia, hoping to spread the word of the Prophet. People were not usually forced to convert to the Islamic faith, but over time many chose to do so. People across the empire also began to speak the language of the caliphs, Arabic. The empire expanded fast. Within 200 years, it stretched from Spain in the west to India in the east.

During Arab rule, there were 3000 mosques in the Spanish city of Córdoba alone, besides the Great Mosque.

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