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American Civil War

Abraham Lincoln was president of the US from 1861 to 1865, during the American Civil War. He helped to bring an end to slavery,...Read More >>Abraham Lincoln was president of the US from 1861 to 1865, during the American Civil War. He helped to bring an end to slavery, but was assassinated in April 1865.The American Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865. In November 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected as president. He was known for his opposition to slavery. Almost immediately, seven southern states whose economies depended on slavery declared their secession (withdrawal) from the United States, followed shortly by four others. They formed the Confederate States of America, or the Confederacy. The other 24 states, known as the Union, supported the US government. After four years of war, the Confederacy surrendered. On 6th December 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment to the US constitution was adopted: it abolished slavery throughout the nation. 


 
 

War breaks out

Battle between the Confederate (left) and Union forces (right). The war began on 12th April 1861, when Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina. The Union responded by seizing control of the northernmost Confederate states and setting up a naval blockade, preventing any goods entering or leaving the Confederacy. The Confederacy repelled Union efforts to capture its capital, Richmond, Virginia.
 
The war was fought on the rivers as well as on land. Some warships were protected by metal plates and were called ironclads. In...Read More >>The war was fought on the rivers as well as on land. Some warships were protected by metal plates and were called ironclads. In the Battle of the Ironclads, also known as the Battle of Hampton Roads, the Union Monitor (right), went into battle with the Confederate Virginia (a captured Union ship, originally called the Merrimack, left). The result was a draw.

Victory for the Union

The Civil War resulted in the deaths of at least 365,000 soldiers on the Union side and 260,000 soldiers on the Confederate side, plus 50,000 civilians. This was a higher number of American deaths than in World War I, World War II, the Korean War and Vietnam War combined.

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