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American Revolution

Thomas Jefferson and other members of the Second Continental Congress work on the Declaration of Independence in July 1776. The American Revolutionary War took place between 1775 and 1783. The Thirteen Colonies in North America rejected the British monarchy and the authority of the British parliament. Issuing the Declaration of Independence in 1776, they broke free from the British Empire and combined to become the United States of America. A war was fought between the rebel colonists and the British, ending in defeat of the British army in 1781, although the war did not officially end until 1783.


Eastern North America in 1775, before the outbreak of the American Revolution. The Thirteen Colonies are shown in red, with the...Read More >>Eastern North America in 1775, before the outbreak of the American Revolution. The Thirteen Colonies are shown in red, with the other British lands—the Province of Quebec, together with the Indian Reserve as defined by the Royal Proclamation of 1763, shown in pink. Spanish-claimed lands to the west of the Mississippi are shown in Orange.

British rule in North America

From the early 16th century onwards, North America had been settled by groups of colonists from various European countries. During the French and Indian War (1754–1763), British and French colonists fought over territory in North America. Britain emerged victorious, with control of a vast area of land. By this time, a number of British colonies (not including Canada), grouped together along North America's eastern seaboard, had been established. They were known as the Thirteen Colonies.
 

The majority of Native Americans, including the Mohawk, Seneca, Onondaga and Cayuga of the Iroquois League, sided with the British because of their promises to limit colonial settlement. Around 13,000 fought on the British side.

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