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Grasshoppers and crickets

A leaf mimic katydid, a kind of bush cricket from the Amazon rainforest, pictured here camouflaged against the background of dead...Read More >>A leaf mimic katydid, a kind of bush cricket from the Amazon rainforest, pictured here camouflaged against the background of dead leaves. The camouflage protects it from predators: they usually fail to spot it. Grasshoppers, crickets and locusts are insects with long, powerful back legs. Many species can make loud, chirping “songs”. Most grasshoppers and crickets are plant-eating insects that live above ground. Their jaws are designed for biting and chewing. Their young are miniature adults, known as nymphs. Some of these insects are coloured for camouflage, or have bright markings to warn predators that they have a foul taste.


Orthoptera

Elegant grasshopper, Southern Africa, 7.5 cm (3 in) long. When threatened, the elegant grasshopper secretes (produces) a...Read More >>Elegant grasshopper, Southern Africa, 7.5 cm (3 in) long. When threatened, the elegant grasshopper secretes (produces) a foul-smelling fluid from between its joints. This green, frothing substance deters predators from attacking the grasshopper.Grasshoppers, crickets, locusts and weta belong to an order of insects called orthoptera. Their name means “straight-winged”. All insects in this family have two pairs of wings. The transparent rear wings fold up behind the hardened, leathery front wings. Most orthopterans can produce loud chirping sounds to communicate with one another.
 

There are about 20,000 species of grasshopper or cricket.

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