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A to Z of fish families


Colourful corals and fish

Coral reef fish

Coral reefs are found in shallow waters around coastlines in warm, tropical seas. The reef waters teem with a wide variety of brightly coloured fish. Many of the smaller kinds feed on tiny plants, called algae, inside the coral. Predators, such as sharks, rays and barracudas, prey on coral reef fish. To defend themselves, most coral reef fish have sharp, bony spines in their fins.

Moray eels have a second set of jaws in their throats. When feeding, morays launch these jaws into their mouth. The jaws grab the prey and take it down into the throat.

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