Red kangaroo, Australia, up to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall The kangaroo is a large marsupial that moves by bounding on its long hind legs. Females have pouches where their young develop. Kangaroos live in groups, called “mobs”, of up to 50 on the grassy plains of Australia. Together they look for food, often feeding at night. Closely related to kangaroos are the wallabies, which are smaller and stockier but have similar lifestyles. There are four species of kangaroo: red, eastern grey, western grey and antilopine. There are 56 species of wallabies, wallaroos, pademellons, tree kangaroos and forest wallabies.
A mob of eastern grey kangaroos (also known as Forrester kangaroos) grazing in TasmaniaThe kangaroo's incisor teeth crop grass close to the ground, while its molars chop and grind the grass in its mouth. Kangaroos have separate stomachs similar to those of ruminants, such as cattle and deer. They sick up the vegetation they have eaten, chew it as cud then swallow it again for final digestion. All kangaroo species are herbivores. The eastern grey kangaroo eats mostly grasses, whereas the red kangaroo also eats shrubs.
The largest marsupial is the red kangaroo. Large males can grow up to 2 m (6.6 ft) tall.
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