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Wolf

Grey or timber wolf, Europe, Asia, North Africa and North America, up to 85 cm (33 in) high at the shoulder Grey wolves are large, wild dogs with powerful jaws and sharp hearing. They will eat anything they can find: animals already killed, farm stock, vegetation—even waste from rubbish dumps. But their main food is other animals, such as deer and moose. To take down such large prey, the wolves hunt in packs. Their long legs allow them to run fast in pursuit of quarry, and also to pick their way through deep snow. There are 39 subspecies of grey wolf, including the dingo, red wolf and African wolf. Domestic dogs are descended from wolves.



Wolf skull

Powerful predator

The skull of this wolf shows the powerful jaws and teeth that make it a superb predator. The force of its bite enables it to crush bones. Wolves normally feed on large ungulates such as moose, musk ox, reindeer and bison (as well as livestock in farming areas), but also prey on smaller animals such as rabbits, rodents, lizards, birds and insects. They frequently eat carrion (dead animals) and human waste, and supplement their diet with fruit.

There are 39 subspecies of grey wolf, including the domestic dog, the dingo, red wolf and African wolf.

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