XR "die-in" protest, Melbourne, Australia, April 2019The Extinction Rebellion (XR) movement was founded in the UK in 2018, following the release of a report on global warming by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, see below). Members said that the world was "headed for disaster", with climate change bound to cause food shortages and "destroy communities". XR describes itself as an international movement that uses non-violent civil disobedience to publicize the issue of climate change. Organizers say they want to see "radical change" to "minimize the risk of human extinction and ecological collapse". XR’s rise to prominence has come amid mounting evidence of climate change, including destructive storms, floods, heatwaves, drought, wildfires, melting ice sheets and poor harvests.
IPCC Report on Global Warming of 1.5ºC
After the Paris Agreement was signed in 2016 the IPCC was invited to submit a report: "How can humanity prevent the global temperature rise more than 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial level?". Their report, published in October 2018, summarized the findings of scientists. In order to achieve the 1.5°C target, the report said, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions had to fall by 45% relative to 2010 levels by 2030, and reach net zero by around 2050. It went on to say that a warming of even 1.5 degrees would still result in large-scale drought, famine, species die-off, disappearance of entire ecosystems and loss of habitable land by the end of the century. More than 100 million people would be thrown into poverty.
Dried-up river bed in Kenya during drought, 2016-17
Find the answer