Neanderthals lived in Ice Age Europe until between 40,000 and 35,000 years ago, hunting woolly mammoths.Humans first evolved from ape-like creatures in Africa. The first hominids (human-like beings) probably appeared over five million years ago. These early kinds are known as Australopithecines. Many later kinds of hominids, including the ancestors of modern humans, evolved in Africa. The first hominids to leave Africa, called Homo erectus, reached Central Asia about 1.8 million years ago. Modern humans, whose scientific name is Homo sapiens, did not appear until relatively recently: about 200,000 years ago.
Aegyptopithecus was the earliest-known primate mammal belonging to the Anthropoidea, a group that includes monkeys, apes and...Read More >>Aegyptopithecus was the earliest-known primate mammal belonging to the Anthropoidea, a group that includes monkeys, apes and humans. Weighing about the same as a human baby, tiny Aegyptopithecus climbed on all fours.
Humans, apes and monkeys are all descended from a single ancestor. This may have been Aegyptopithecus, or “Egyptian Ape”, which was just 40 centimetres (16 inches) long. It lived in Egypt about 35 million years ago, climbing through the trees on all fours. Of all the descendants of this tiny mammal, only humans and their human-like ancestors developed bipedalism, the ability to walk upright and on two feet.
Many scientists now suspect that Homo ergaster and Homo erectus are actually the African (ergaster) and Asian (erectus) populations of the same species—Homo erectus.
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