Michael Faraday in 1859 English scientist Michael Faraday (1791–1867) rose from humble beginnings to become one of the greatest experimental physicists of all time. His work on the properties of electricity and magnetism revolutionized science and the technology that developed from it. He pioneered the electric motor and discovered how electricity could be generated. As a result of his work, electricity was transformed from a scientific curiosity into a powerful new technology.
Michael Faraday was born in Newington Butts, now part of south London, the son of a blacksmith. He was only 13 when his formal education came to an end, but he continued to educate himself. He was apprenticed to a bookbinder, and used the opportunities this gave him to read scientific books.
Michael Faraday refused most honours in his lifetime, including a knighthood, saying, "I must remain plain Michael Faraday to the very last."
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