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Samuel Morse

Samuel Morse Early telegraph systems, means of sending messages along wires as pulses of electricity, needed several connecting wires, but the system that eventually became standard, developed in the US by American portrait painter Samuel Morse (1791–1872) in 1837, needed just one wire. Morse devoted himself to painting in the early part of his career, but in 1825, personal tragedy caused him to explore communications technology. While away from home, he had been informed by letter that his wife was unwell, but she had already died by the time he returned.


Electric telegraph line

Morse code. Each character letter is represented by a sequence of dots (or "dits") and dashes ("dahs"). The length of a dash is...Read More >>Morse code. Each character letter is represented by a sequence of dots (or "dits") and dashes ("dahs"). The length of a dash is three times the length of a dot. The letters of a word are separated by a space equal to a dash, and the words are separated by a space equal to seven dots. Drawing on the work of American physicist Joseph Henry (1797–1878), Morse and American inventor Alfred Vail (1807–59) developed a single-wire telegraph, starting in 1836. This system transmitted pulses of electricity along wires which controlled an electromagnet at the receiving end. They devised a code, called Morse Code, to send messages along it. It was based on the pulses and the silences between them. The first public demonstration of their electric telegraph took place in New Jersey in January 1838.

The first public message sent using Morse and Vail's electric telegraph in 1838 was: "A patient waiter is no loser".

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