Bizet's opera Carmen (1875), tells the story of Don José, a soldier who is entranced by the the fiery gypsy Carmen. It is one of...Read More >>Bizet's opera Carmen (1875), tells the story of Don José, a soldier who is entranced by the the fiery gypsy Carmen. It is one of the most popular of all operas. An opera is a work in which singers, musicians and sometimes dancers perform a drama. An opera combines a text, known as a libretto ("little book"), and a musical score. The performers are often in costume and perform in front of scenery on a theatre stage, sometimes with added special effects. An orchestra or smaller group of musicians accompanies the singers. The word opera means "work" in Italian, as operas combine a number of different arts. Opera stories or "plots" range from comedy to tragedy, and sometimes tell of mythical events.
The first operas
The first opera was written in 1597 by the Italian Jacopo Peri (1561–1633). The score of Daphne is lost, but it was an attempt to revive the style of classical Greek drama. The first recognizably modern opera is L’Orfeo, written by Italian Claudio Monteverdi (1567–1643) in 1607. The opera tells the story of the Greek hero Orpheus and his descent into the Underworld to bring his bride Eurydice back to life.
L'Orfeo set the pattern for opera: the drama was played out using songs (arias) combined with recitative (in which the singers adopt the rhythms of speech).
The lead role in an opera seria was usually sung by a male singer called a castrato. He had been castrated (had his testes removed) before puberty, and so retained the high vocal range of a young boy, but with an adult singer's power.
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