Adam and Eve, as depicted in mural (wall painting) on a church in Ethiopia In the Jewish, Christian and Islamic religions, the first man and woman were called Adam and Eve. There are two versions of how Adam and Eve came into being, both related in Genesis, the first book of the Bible. In the first, God created man and woman "in his own image" on the sixth day. In the second version, God (called Yahweh) created Adam from dust. Seeing that Adam needed a partner, he took a rib from Adam and created Eve from it.
The Garden of Eden
Adam and Eve lived in the Garden of Eden, a paradise land from which four rivers flowed out into the world. (This land has been identified with Mesopotamia, that part of modern-day Iraq that lies between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, a fertile, well-watered region largely surrounded by desert.) According to the Bible, God planted in Eden “every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food."
The peoples of ancient Mesopotamia, in present-day Iraq, believed in an earthly paradise named Eden. The four main rivers of the ancient Near East—the Tigris, Euphrates, Halys and Araxes—flowed out of the Garden of Eden.
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