You are here: Geography > Africa > Nigeria


A map of Nigeria coloured to show highland and lowland areas and vegetationWith a population of over 188 million, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, and the seventh most populous country in the world. Located close to the equator, it has a hot, tropical climate. The north has a long, dry season lasting from October to May, while southern regions are wet and humid. In the north, the land rises to flat, high plains that merge into the Sahara Desert. Savanna grasslands make up a large part of central Nigeria. Rising steeply from this terrain is the Jos Plateau, a region of ancient volcanic rock. Areas of rainforest still stand in the south of the country. 

A map of Nigeria
Street scene in Lagos


There are about 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria. The three largest are the Hausa-Fulani in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the south. While the official language of Nigeria is English, most people speak the language of one or more ethnic group.
Map of Nigeria's languages

“Nollywood”, Nigeria’s film industry, is the second largest in the world in terms of annual film productions, after India’s Bollywood. Around 2000 films are produced every year.

Q-files now has new sections specially written for younger readers. They are: Living world, Earth, Science, Human body, Prehistoric life, Space, History, Geography and Technology.

Find the answer