A map of Tanzania Lying just south of the equator, Tanzania is East Africa’s largest country. It has a hot, tropical climate with a humid, rainy season from November to May. Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro is located close to Tanzania's border with Kenya. High plains and savanna grasslands stretch across much of the centre of the country. The coastal lowlands are greener and more forested. Three of the largest lakes in Africa lie partly in Tanzania: Lake Victoria in the north, Lake Tanganyika in the west and Lake Nyasa in the southwest. The island archipelago of Zanzibar is also part of Tanzania, although it has its own government.
There are around 120 peoples in Tanzania, most of them belonging to the Bantu ethnic group. They are united by Tanzania’s national language, Swahili. Children learn their own tribal language first and then Swahili; many people also speak English. Two-thirds of Tanzanians live in rural villages, while inland, there are vast areas that are almost completely uninhabited.
In 1978, the earliest evidence of modern humans’ earliest ancestors was found at Laetoli in Northern Tanzania. The footprints belong to two adults and a child who walked across soft ground 3.6 million years ago.
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