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A map of Zambia, showing highland and lowland areas and vegetationZambia is one of Africa’s 16 landlocked countries. Much of the country lies on a high plateau, cut through by river valleys and dotted with hills and mountains. The great Kabompo and Kafue rivers flow into the River Zambezi on Zambia’s southern border. Here, the Victoria Falls (Mosi-oa-Tunya), one of the world’s largest waterfalls, plunges 108 metres (355 feet). The building of the Kariba Dam on the Zambezi has created the enormous Lake Kariba. Savanna woodland and grassland covers most of the country. Zambia has a largely tropical climate, with a dry season from May to October, and a rainy season from November to April.

A map of Zambia
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Fish for sale at a Zambian market stall


There are over 70 ethnic groups in Zambia, nearly all descended from Bantu people who arrived in the region from around 2000 years ago. Most Zambians are Christian but many also celebrate traditional African festivals. Around half of Zambia’s population lives in cities such as the capital, Lusaka, and cities in the copper-mining region such as Ndola and Kitwe. People in the countryside live in villages, working mostly as subsistence farmers.An aerial view of the Victoria Falls

In 1964, Zambia was the first country to enter the Olympic Games as one country (Northern Rhodesia) and leave it as another (Republic of Zambia). It became independent on the day of the closing ceremony.

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