A map of Jordan Much of eastern and southern Jordan is a desert plateau, marked by ridges and cut through by deep valleys. In the east, sandy plains, dunes and salt flats merge into the Syrian and northern Arabian deserts. To the west, the plateau rises to a mountainous ridge before dropping steeply to the green Jordan Valley. It is part of the Great Rift Valley, a deep gash in the Earth’s crust. Here, the River Jordan flows southwards into the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the Earth’s surface.
The west of Jordan has a Mediterranean climate with a hot summers and a cool, rainy winter between November and April. The eastern and southern deserts are much drier, where dust storms frequently whip up in summer.
A desert landscape in Jordan
The present-day population of Jordan is more 30 times what it was in 1920, when just 200,000 people lived there.
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