A map of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago is an island country in the West Indies. It lies just off the coast of Venezuela in a chain of islands called the Lesser Antilles. Tobago, the smaller island, lies 32 kilometres (20 miles) to the northeast of the larger island, Trinidad. There are also several tiny islets offshore. Tobago and the northern part of Trinidad are covered by low, rugged mountains; the rest of the land is made up of gently rolling hills and lush rainforests. Some coastal areas of Trinidad, particularly in the east and west, are swampy. Tobago’s beaches are white and sandy. Both islands have a hot, tropical climate all year round.
Nearly everyone lives on Trinidad, by far the larger island. Just over a third of the country’s population is ethnically Indian. They are descended from people who came from India to work on sugar plantations in the mid-19th century. Most of the rest are of West African descent, descended from slaves brought to work in the plantations before slavery was abolished. The two islands, Trinidad and Tobago, each have their own creole language, a mixture of French, African, Asian and native American languages.
In 2005, Trinidad and Tobago’s national football team became the smallest country ever to qualify for the FIFA World Cup.
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