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A map of VermontVermont is located in the northeastern region of the United States. It is one of six states that make up the region known as New England. The Green Mountains, densely forested with conifers and northern hardwood trees, form a spine running north–south through Vermont. In the southwest are the Taconic Mountains, while the Granite Hills rise in the northeast. Dotted across eastern Vermont are isolated peaks, known as monadnocks. Lake Champlain lies in the fertile Champlain Valley, which runs along Vermont’s western border with New York State. The Connecticut River forms Vermont’s eastern border with New Hampshire. Having mostly rugged terrain, much of it densely wooded, Vermont has only a small area of arable land.

View from Mount Mansfield


The name Vermont probably comes from the French les verts monts, meaning "green mountains". The name was first proposed by Pennsylvanian Dr Thomas Young in 1777 following Vermont's independence from New Hampshire. The mountains may have been described as green because they were more forested than the higher White Mountains of New Hampshire. Others say that the green colour of the mountains’ shale rocks is the origin of their name.
Church Street, Burlington at Christmas
Burke Mountain from Lyndonville in Vermont’s "Northeast Kingdom" during the fall season


Vermont’s capital Montpelier is the least populous state capital in the US.

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