Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) was leader of the National Socialist (Nazi) Party, and führer (leader) of Germany. At the core of his beliefs was that the "Aryan" race, typified by the German people, was superior to all others. His aim was the reunification of the Germanic peoples and the expansion of territory in order to provide lebensraum ("living space") for these "chosen" people. Alongside this went his extreme hatred of the Jews. In 1939 Hitler plunged the world into a war that would leave millions of people dead, including the 6 million Jews who were killed in the Holocaust.
Adolf Hitler was born on 20th April 1889 in Braunau-am-Inn, an Austrian town near the border with Germany. His father was a customs official who died when Hitler was 13. The young Hitler did not do well at school, but he loved painting. After school, Hitler went to Vienna where he twice tried to enter the Academy of Fine Arts but failed. After his mother’s death in 1907, he lived a lonely life making just enough money to survive by selling watercolours and moving from one hostel to another. This time of poverty in Vienna was the origin of many of Hitler’s extreme political and racial ideas.
Hitler claimed that he deliberately did badly at school in the hope that his father would let him leave and allow him to pursue his dream to become an artist.
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