A statue of Oliver Cromwell outside the Palace of Westminster, LondonOliver Cromwell (1599–1658) was an English military and political leader, during and after the English Civil War. He served as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland from 1653 until his death. A devout Puritan and an intensely religious man, he fervently believed that God was guiding his victories. Cromwell was elected Member of Parliament in 1628 and again in 1640. He fought in the English Civil War on the side of the Parliamentarians, rising to become one of the chief commanders of the New Model Army. One of the signatories of King Charles I's death warrant in 1649, he took command of the English campaign in Ireland in 1649–50 and against the Scottish army between 1650 and 1651. Cromwell is one of the most controversial figures in British and Irish history. Considered by some to be a ruthless dictator, and others hold him up as a hero of liberty.
Cromwell's House in Ely. Oliver Cromwell lived here for several years after inheriting the position of local tax collector in...Read More >>Cromwell's House in Ely. Oliver Cromwell lived here for several years after inheriting the position of local tax collector in 1636. The building is now a museum with rooms displayed as they would have been in Cromwell's time.A portrait of Oliver Cromwell as a young manOliver Cromwell was born in 1599 in Huntingdon, near Cambridge into a family of landowners. He was baptized in the Church of England. He was descended on his father’s side from the sister of Thomas Cromwell, King Henry VIII's chief minister. Aged 21, Oliver Cromwell married Elizabeth Bourchier, daughter of a wealthy merchant family, who were active in the Puritan church (Cromwell became a Puritan himself in the 1630s). The Cromwells had nine children, including Richard, who would succeed his father as Lord Protector.
The story goes that Cromwell attempted to emigrate, along with other Puritans, to Connecticut in America in 1634, but was prevented by the government from leaving. It is not known whether this is true.
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