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Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman, around 1895 American anti-slavery and women's rights' campaigner Harriet Tubman (1820–1913) escaped slavery to become one of the leading abolitionists in the time before the American Civil War. She led hundreds of slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad and served in the Union forces during the Civil War. In later life she spoke out for women’s suffrage. Her bravery and generosity of spirit has continued to inspire generations of Americans.

A slave sale in Virginia

Early life

Harriet Tubman was born to enslaved parents in Dorchester County, Maryland, around 1820. Her birth name was Araminta "Minty" Ross; she later changed her first name to Harriet after her mother. She was put to work as a house servant at around the age of five or six years old, and experienced physical violence, including whippings, from that time. 

"John Brown's Body" is a US marching song about the abolitionist John Brown—Harriet's associate. The song was popular during the American Civil War.

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