Statue of HatshepsutQueen Hatshepsut (ruled c.1490–1468 BC) was a pharaoh (ruler) of ancient Egypt. She was one of the very few female pharaohs. Her name, Hatshepsut, means "Foremost of Noble Ladies". She became pharaoh after her husband, Thutmose II, died. She wore the traditional clothing of a male pharaoh, including even a false beard! Her reign began a long, peaceful era in Egyptian history. Hatshepsut brought great wealth to the land of Egypt.
Fertile, lush fields in the Nile valleyA map of ancient EgyptThousands of years ago, a great civilization grew up on a narrow strip of land bordering the banks of the River Nile in Egypt. Rising on both sides of the Nile Valley was the Sahara Desert, a vast, dry, barren expanse of sand and gravel. The people of Egypt depended on the Nile to water their crops.
Over time, kingdoms emerged in this fertile land. In around 3100 BC, they became united under a single king. The civilization of ancient Egypt lasted for many centuries. The Egyptians created the pyramids, temples, sculptures and many other objects that have lasted to this day. They also left behind written accounts of how the people lived and the events in their history.
Tutankhamun's face mask
Most historians agree that Hatshepsut was the first important female ruler we know about.
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