A farming village in China, 6500 years agoThe Chinese civilization grew up on the banks of the Yellow River (Huang He) in northern China more than 7000 years ago. It was completely separate from the rest of the world for thousands of years. Eventually, powerful ruling families, called dynasties, began to take power. During the Shang dynasty, which began in about 1600 BC, some large towns grew up, where people carried out different trades and crafts. A form of writing also appeared at this time.
The Shang dynasty was overthrown in about 1100 BC by the Zhou dynasty. The Zhou ruled for about 850 years, longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history. In later centuries of Zhou rule, China descended into chaos, with wars frequently breaking out between rival states.
It has been said that the Great Wall of China can be seen from the Moon, but this is not true.
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