You are here: History > LET'S EXPLORE British history > When did the Romans conquer Britain?

When did the Romans conquer Britain?

Roman soldiers march through Roman BritainFor almost 400 years, Britain was part of the Roman Empire. The province was governed from the capital, Londinium (London). Roman soldiers put down rebellions and defended the country from invasion. Local people carried on worshipping their own gods, but also joined in the worship of the Roman gods and emperors.

Caesar's forces arrive in Britain, 55 BC

Roman invasions

In 55 BC, Celtic tribes from Britain sent men to fight with the Gauls in France against the invading Roman army of Julius Caesar. Caesar decided to punish them. He invaded Britain twice. The second time, he pushed the British forces back to north of the River Thames. 

The Romans introduced many new foods to Britain. These included chicken, apples, grapes, cherries, onions, garlic, leeks, cabbages, peas, celery, turnips, radishes and asparagus.

Q-files now has new sections specially written for younger readers. They are: Living world, Earth, Science, Human body, Prehistoric life, Space, History, Geography and Technology.

Find the answer