King Henry VIIIHenry VIII (1509–47) had six wives. They were, in the order he married them, Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard and Catherine Parr. Henry’s first wife, Catherine, bore him a daughter and not the son he had hoped for. Henry tried to cancel the marriage and marry Anne Boleyn instead. But the Pope refused to agree to this. Henry then declared himself Supreme Head of the English Church and broke off relations with Rome. He now married Anne. Henry’s actions began the English Protestant Reformation.