Why was Stonehenge built?
Stonehenge todayStonehenge was built on Salisbury Plain in southern England about 4500 years ago. It consists of two circles originally of more than 100 standing stones. One circle lies inside the other. Large capping stones, called lintels, rest on top of the standing stones. Surrounding the stone circles is a circular ditch with banks made of earth. Many of the stones at Stonehenge still stand today.
A modern reconstruction of a henge, made in Northumberland. It is much smaller than Stonehenge, but you can see the circular...Read More >>A modern reconstruction of a henge, made in Northumberland. It is much smaller than Stonehenge, but you can see the circular ditch and banks. Inside the henge, the makers have added wooden posts.
A circular henge
In about 3100 BC, a circular ditch with both an inner and outer bank made of earth, was dug. It enclosed an area measuring about 100 metres (330 feet) across. This sacred site was called a henge. Here, people buried the ashes of family members who had been cremated after they had died.