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How do earthworms live?

An earthworm moving through the soilEarthworms are long, thin, soft-bodied invertebrate animals that live in the soil. They have no legs, eyes or ears. Earthworms are shaped like bendy tubes divided into segments. They breathe in oxygen through their skin. Adult earthworms have a swelling around their middle. This is where its eggs are stored.

Earthworm above ground

Close-up view of earthworm bristles


An earthworm can eat up to one third of its body weight in soil and dead plant material in a single day.

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