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Pine marten, Europe and Middle East, up to 53 cm (21 in) in body length, with the tail up to 25 cm (10 inches) long The weasel family, also called the mustelids, includes weasels, stoats, minks, ferrets, polecats, martens, the sable, skunks, otters, badgers and the wolverine. They are carnivores with long bodies, short legs and often long tails. Mustelids can be found on and under the ground, in the trees or in the water. Most feed on smaller mammals, especially rodents, but some will also eat worms, fruit and insects. Apart from some otters and badgers, the weasel family are solitary mammals, keeping to their own territories and fighting if these are invaded. Males and females usually come together only to breed.


Many members of the weasel family can produce a foul-smelling liquid called musk, both to mark their territories and to defend themselves against predators. Musk is produced in the anal scent glands. Among the best known of these musk-producers are the striped polecat, also called the zorilla, of Africa, and the skunk of North and Central America.
Stoat, Europe, Asia and North America, up to 28 cm (11 inches) long, excluding tail
This lemming has little chance of escape now a stoat has found its burrow under the snow.


The least weasel is the smallest carnivore in the world. It can chase mice and voles down into their tiny burrows.

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