Albert Einstein in later lifeAlbert Einstein (1879–1955) was a German-born physicist who made some of the greatest contributions to modern science. He devised the equation E=mc2, linking mass and energy. Einstein thought that the Newtonian laws of motion, first proposed by Isaac Newton in the 17th century, could no longer hold true now that the laws of the electromagnetism were understood. This belief led to the development of his Special Theory of Relativity. He then realized that the principle of relativity could also be applied to understanding how gravity worked, and so he later developed the General Theory of Relativity. In 1921 Albert Einstein received the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Albert Einstein was born in Ulm in southwestern Germany on 14th March 1879. A quiet child, he barely spoke until the age of three. Unhappy with the standard of teaching at his school, he moved with his family to Italy after his father's electrical business failed.
Einstein studied at the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, graduating in 1900. He found it difficult to obtain a university post, eventually accepting a job at the Swiss Patent Office in Berne. This gave him time to do his own work on physics. In 1903, he married Mileva Maric, a fellow student at the Zurich Institute.
In 1952 an offer was made from Israel for Einstein to become their president, but he turned down the invitation.
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